In 1741, Vitus Bering, early Russian explorer, died on Bering Island after his ship was cast ashore following his second voyage to Alaska.
In 1900, the steamer City of Topeka was wrecked on Sullivan Island near Haines, but was later salvaged.
In 1967, Atlantic Richfield's discovery well struck oil and natural gas in Prudhoe Bay.
In 1978, the Fairbanks City Council voted to do away with the small zoo at Alaskaland.
In 1979, the movie "Star Trek" premiered in Alaska in Anchorage theaters.
In the Nation
In 1941, the United States entered World War II as Congress declared war against Japan, a day after the attack on Pearl Harbor.
In 1776, George Washington's retreating army during the American Revolution crossed the Delaware River from New Jersey to Pennsylvania.
In 1863, President Lincoln announced his plan for the reconstruction of the South.
In 1886, the American Federation of Labor was founded in Columbus, Ohio.
In 1980, rock star John Lennon was shot to death outside his New York City apartment building by an apparently deranged fan.
In 1982, a man demanding an end to nuclear weapons held the Washington Monument hostage, threatening to blow it up with explosives he claimed were inside a van. After a 10-hour standoff, Norman D. Mayer was shot to death by police; it turned out there were no explosives.
In 1987, President Reagan and Soviet leader Mikhail S. Gorbachev signed a treaty calling for destruction of intermediate-range nuclear missiles.
In 1993, President Clinton signed into U.S. law the North American Free Trade Agreement.
In 2001, The U.S. Capitol was reopened to tourists after a two-month security shutdown. Nebraska quarterback Eric Crouch was awarded the Heisman Trophy.
In the world
In 1854, Pope Pius IX proclaimed the dogma of the Immaculate Conception.
In 1949, the Chinese Nationalist government moved from the Chinese mainland to Formosa (Taiwan) as the Communists pressed their attacks.