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In 1910, the steamship Olympia was permanently stranded on Bligh Reef near Valdez.
In 1951, the Anchorage International Airport officially opened.
In 1979, the Alaska Supreme Court held an emergency session to hear arguments from the village of Kaktovik and environmentalists against allowing the Beaufort Sea oil and gas lease sale. The court unanimously agreed to permit the lease sale.
In the nation
In 1817, Mississippi was admitted as the 20th state.
In 1869, women were granted the right to vote in the Wyoming Territory.
In 1958, the first domestic passenger jet flight took place in the U.S. as a National Airlines Boeing 707 flew 111 passengers from New York to Miami in about 21/2 hours.
In 2001, President Bush told reporters a videotape of Osama bin Laden in which the al-Qaida leader talked happily about the Sept. 11 attacks "just reminded me of what a murderer he is."
In 2005, Southern California running back Reggie Bush won the Heisman Trophy.
In the world
In 1948, the U.N. General Assembly adopted its Universal Declaration on Human Rights.
In 1906, President Theodore Roosevelt became the first American to be awarded the Nobel Peace Prize, for helping to mediate an end to the Russo-Japanese War.
In 1931, Jane Addams became the first American woman to be awarded the Nobel Peace Prize (the co-recipient that year was Nicholas Murray Butler).
In 1950, Ralph J. Bunche was presented the Nobel Peace Prize, the first black American to receive the award.
In 1964, Martin Luther King Jr. received his Nobel Peace Prize.
In 1986, human rights advocate and Holocaust survivor Elie Wiesel accepted the Nobel Peace Prize.
In 1996, Roman Catholic Bishop Filipe Ximenes Belo and exiled activist Jose Ramos Horta, opponents of Indonesia's occupation of East Timor, accepted the Nobel Peace Prize. On International Human Rights Day, President Clinton urged the Senate to embrace a 17-year-old treaty barring abuses against women.
In 2001, Secretary-General Kofi Annan accepted the Nobel Peace Prize on behalf of himself and the United Nations.
In 2005, a Nigerian jetliner crashed while landing in Port Harcourt, Nigeria, killing all but three of the 110 people on board. Chief U.N. nuclear inspector Mohamed ElBaradei accepted the Nobel Peace Prize.