Sitka black-tailed deer spotted in Anchorage

Posted: Thursday, December 12, 2002

ANCHORAGE - A Sitka black-tailed deer was reported bounding across the road this week in what was apparently the first modern sighting in Anchorage.

The species is common to Prince William Sound, Kodiak and Southeast.

Physician John Erkmann and his wife, Jane, spotted the deer at about 8:45 a.m. Sunday as it bolted across Potter Valley Road into dense brush.

"It was a spectacular sighting," said Erkmann, an experienced big-game hunter. "It went uphill not 30 yards from the car. We got a good look at it, a good-sized buck."

Biologists and deer experts were amazed that a deer would show up on Anchorage's suburban fringe, across a mountain range from the species' regular coastal habitat and 40 miles from the nearest previous sighting at the head of Turnagain Arm.

"It's a very interesting, unusual sighting," said state research biologist Matthew Kirchhoff, who specializes in the deer of Southeast Alaska. "It's scientifically noteworthy that this animal has moved to that location."

Erkmann, with 20 years of deer hunting experience in Kodiak and the Sound, was certain of what he saw. He said the deer looked to be about 100 pounds. It carried a six-point rack.

Could it be an escapee? The five deer housed at the Alaska Zoo were all safe at home this week, as were the seven that live at Big Game Alaska, the wildlife park in Portage, zoo officials said.

"My guess is that it came from Prince William Sound," said Rick Sinnott, the state Fish and Game Department's Anchorage-area biologist. "It wouldn't be out of the question that one could make it to Anchorage."

Native to Southeast Alaska and the Pacific Northwest coast, the deer were introduced to Hawkins and Hinchinbrook islands in the early 1900s and have spread throughout the Sound by swimming island to island.

"They are very prolific swimmers," Kirchhoff said.

The small, agile animals haunt old-growth forests and beaches, especially in winter. They're not as common on the mainland. Deep snow leaves them vulnerable to predators and buries the high-quality food they need to maintain good health.

Southcentral's long snowless fall might have given this deer a unique opportunity to push the limits of its range, Kirchhoff said. "This is an explorer."

Now that the snow has arrived, Kirchhoff and other biologists say, the animal likely will face a tough time finding food unless it adapts to life in suburbia or finds usable winter range.

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