In 1914, Moore's Dock at Skagway, a landmark, was destroyed by fire.
In 1932, the Alaska non-resident troll fisherman's license tax of $250 was declared invalid by the U.S. Supreme Court.
In 1940, the War Department General Order No. 9 named the military reservation Fort Richardson and the airfield Elmendorf Air Force Base.
In 1957, the U.S. Coast Guard Cutter Storis returned to Juneau after her complete circuit of the North American continent.
In 1979, the Trans-Alaska Oil Pipeline flow was cut nearly 80 percent as a strong storm kept tankers from entering the Port of Valdez. The storm eased the next day, allowing tanker traffic to resume.
In 1979, the international conservation group Greenpeace joined the opposition to aerial wolf hunting in Alaska.
In the nation
In 1787, Pennsylvania became the second state to ratify the U.S. Constitution.
In 1870, Joseph H. Rainey of South Carolina became the first black lawmaker sworn into the U.S. House of Representatives.
In 1897, "The Katzenjammer Kids," the pioneering comic strip created by Rudolph Dirks, made its debut in the New York Journal.
In 1917, Father Edward Flanagan founded Boys Town outside Omaha, Neb.
In 1947, the United Mine Workers union withdrew from the American Federation of Labor.
In 1975, Sara Jane Moore pleaded guilty to a charge of trying to kill President Ford in San Francisco the previous September.
In 1998, the House Judiciary Committee approved a fourth and final article of impeachment, this one accusing President Clinton of abuse of power. President Clinton began a three-day visit to the Middle East aimed at rescuing the Wye River peace accords.
In 2000, a divided U.S. Supreme Court reversed a state court decision for recounts in Florida's contested election, transforming George W. Bush into the president-elect.
In 2003, President Bush publicly rebuked Senate Republican leader Trent Lott for his statement that appeared to embrace half-century-old segregationist politics, calling it "offensive" and "wrong."
In the world
In 1937, Japanese aircraft sank the U.S. gunboat Panay on China's Yangtze River. (Japan apologized and paid $2.2 million in reparations.)
In 1963, Kenya gained its independence from Britain.
In 1985, 248 American soldiers and eight crew members were killed when an Arrow Air charter crashed after takeoff from Gander, Newfoundland.
In 1993, in Russian parliamentary elections, ultranationalist parties gained strong support, causing concern among foreign governments. Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and PLO chief Yasser Arafat failed to resolve disputes over a plan to start withdrawing Israeli troops from the Gaza Strip and Jericho before a deadline.