This Day in History

Posted: Sunday, December 14, 2003

In Alaska

• In 1826, Joseph Juneau, who is credited with co-discovering gold in Alaska's present capital, was born in Quebec, Canada.

• In 1935, the Juneau City Council voted to change the name of Lower Front Street to South Franklin Street.

• In 1937, Hazen Bay National Wildlife Refuge was established.

• In 1959, six Alaska students were named to participate in a White House Conference on Children and Youth, to be held in March of 1960. More than 7,000 people were expected.

• In 1989, Mount Redoubt, 115 miles southwest of Anchorage, erupted for the first time in 23 years, spewing dust seven miles into the air.

In the nation

• In 1819, Alabama joined the Union as the 22nd state.

• In 1946, the U.N. General Assembly voted to establish U.N. headquarters in New York.

• In 1962, the U.S. space probe Mariner Two approached Venus, transmitting information about the planet.

• In 1993, a Colorado judge struck down the state's voter-approved Amendment Two prohibiting gay rights laws, calling it unconstitutional. United Mine Workers approved a five-year contract, ending a strike that had reached seven states and involved some of the nation's biggest coal operators.

• In 2000, the Federal Trade Commission unanimously approved the $111 billion merger of America Online and Time Warner.

In the world

• In 1911, Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen became the first man to reach the South Pole, beating out an expedition led by Robert F. Scott.

• In 1939, the Soviet Union was dropped from the League of Nations.

• In 1975, six South Moluccan extremists surrendered after holding 23 hostages for 12 days on a train near the Dutch town of Beilen.

• In 1981, Israel annexed the Golan Heights, which it had seized from Syria in 1967.

• In 1986, the experimental aircraft Voyager, piloted by Dick Rutan and Jeana Yeager, took off from Edwards Air Force Base in California on the first non-stop, non-refueled flight around the world.

• In 1998, President Clinton stood witness as hundreds of Palestinian leaders renounced a call for the destruction of Israel.

• In 2002, Jordanian police announced the arrest of two alleged al-Qaida members in the October killing of American diplomat Laurence Foley.

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