In 1826, Joseph Juneau, who is credited with co-discovering gold in Alaska's present capital, was born in Quebec, Canada.
In 1935, the Juneau City Council voted to change the name of Lower Front Street to South Franklin Street.
In 1937, Hazen Bay National Wildlife Refuge was established.
In 1989, Mount Redoubt, 115 miles southwest of Anchorage, erupted for the first time in 23 years, spewing dust seven miles into the air.
In the nation
In 1799, the first president of the United States, George Washington, died at his Mount Vernon home at age 67.
In 1819, Alabama joined the union as the 22nd state.
In 1946, the United Nations General Assembly voted to establish U.N. headquarters in New York.
In 1962, the U.S. space probe Mariner II approached Venus, transmitting information about the planet.
In 1986, the experimental aircraft Voyager, piloted by Dick Rutan and Jeana Yeager, took off from Edwards Air Force Base in California on the first nonstop, nonrefueled flight around the world.
In 1994, a federal judge granted a preliminary injunction blocking almost all of Proposition 187's bans affecting illegal immigrants in California. Former Arkansas Gov. Orval E. Faubus, whose refusal to let nine black students into Little Rock's Central High School in 1957 forced President Eisenhower to send in federal troops, died at age 84.
In 1999, Ahmed Ressam, an Algerian national, was arrested after authorities allegedly found nitroglycerin in the trunk of his car as he arrived from Canada by ferry at Port Angeles, Wash. Ressam was convicted in April 2001 of terrorist conspiracy and eight other charges. Charles M. Schulz announced he was retiring the "Peanuts" comic strip.
In 2000, the Federal Trade Commission unanimously approved the $111 billion merger of America Online and Time Warner.
In 2003, actress Jeanne Crain died in Santa Barbara, Calif., at age 78.
In the world
In 1861, Prince Albert, husband of Queen Victoria, died in London.
In 1911, Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen became the first man to reach the South Pole, beating out an expedition led by Robert F. Scott.
In 1939, the Soviet Union was dropped from the League of Nations.
In 1975, six South Moluccan extremists surrendered after holding 23 hostages for 12 days on a train near the Dutch town of Beilen.
In 1981, Israel annexed the Golan Heights, which it had seized from Syria in 1967.
In 1999, U.S. and German negotiators agreed to establish a $5.2 billion fund for Nazi-era slave and forced laborers.
In 2003, a weary, disheveled Saddam Hussein was displayed on television screens worldwide, a day after his capture by American troops. A car bombing outside an Iraqi police station near Baghdad killed at least 17 people.
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