In 1935, William Monroe, Klondike gold rusher and builder of a railroad from Nome to Anvil Creek, died at the age of 94. (He also was the founder of the city of Monrovia in California.)
In 1967, 157 technicians and clerks went on strike at the Ballistic Missile Early Warning Center site at Clear, Alaska. (The BMEWS remained in operation.)
In the Nation
In 1776, the British suffered a major defeat in the Battle of Trenton during the Revolutionary War.
In 1917, during World War I, the U.S. government took over operation of the nation's railroads.
In 1941, Winston Churchill became the first British prime minister to address a joint meeting of the U.S. Congress.
In 1944, in the World War II Battle of the Bulge, the embattled U.S. 101st Airborne Division was relieved by units of the 4th Armored Division.
In 1944, Tennessee Williams' play "The Glass Menagerie" was first performed publicly, at the Civic Theatre in Chicago.
In 1972, the 33rd president of the United States, Harry S. Truman, died in Kansas City, Mo.
In 1996, 6-year-old beauty queen JonBenet Ramsey was found beaten and strangled in the basement of her family's home in Boulder, Colo. (To date, the slaying remains unsolved.)
In 2000, Michael McDermott, an employee at an Internet firm in Wakefield, Mass., shot and killed seven co-workers. (McDermott later was convicted of first-degree murder and sentenced to life in prison without parole.)
In the World
In 1893, Chinese leader Mao Tse-tung was born in Hunan province.
In 1975, the Soviet Union inaugurated the world's first supersonic transport service with a flight of its Tupolev 144 airliner from Moscow to Alma-Ata.
In 1992, Milan Panic conceded defeat to Slobodan Milosevic almost a week after Yugoslavia's presidential election.
In 1997, badly battered South Korean financial markets surged after the International Monetary Fund and the Group of Seven countries agreed on $10 billion emergency loans to Seoul.
In 2001, the Arabic TV station Al-Jazeera aired videotaped excerpts of Osama bin Laden in which he condemned the United States as a nation that committed crimes against millions of Afghans.