This Day in History

Posted: Sunday, December 29, 2002

In Alaska

• In 1878, Richard E. Hardcastle, legislator and longtime Ketchikan businessman, was born in New Jersey.

• In 1879, World War I flying ace Colonel "Billy" Mitchell, who established telegraph posts in Alaska in the early 1900's, was born in Nice, France. Mount Billy Mitchell, near Valdez, was named after the famous brigadier general of the U.S. Army Air Corps.

• In 1935, the University of Alaska at Fairbanks Library was formally dedicated in its new location, the Library/Gymnasium Building.

• In 1964, an Alaska State Trooper helicopter lost 600 pounds of radio gear south of Anchorage. A 330 watt repeater fell 2,000 feet into deep snow.

• In 1969, Keith Miller took office as the third governor of the state of Alaska, succeeding Walter Hickel, who took the position of U.S. secretary of the Interior.

• In 1980, the city of Anchorage filed suit in federal court claiming the Census Bureau under-counted the city's population, and sought to have the Census Bureau change its count.

In the Nation

• In 1808, the 17th president of the United States, Andrew Johnson, was born in Raleigh, N.C.

• In 1813, the British burned Buffalo, N.Y., during the War of 1812.

• In 1845, Texas was admitted as the 28th state.

• In 1851, the first American Young Men's Christian Association was organized, in Boston.

• In 1890, the Wounded Knee massacre took place in South Dakota as some 300 Sioux Indians were killed by U.S. troops sent to disarm them.

• In 1957, singers Steve Lawrence and Eydie Gorme were married in Las Vegas, Nev.

• In 1975, a bomb exploded in the terminal of New York's LaGuardia Airport, killing 11 people.

• In 1992, New York Gov. Mario Cuomo commuted the prison sentence of Jean Harris, the convicted killer of "Scarsdale Diet" author Herman Tarnower.

In the World

• In 1170, Archbishop Thomas Becket was murdered in Canterbury Cathedral in England.

• In 1934, Japan renounced the Washington Naval Treaty of 1922 and the London Naval Treaty of 1930.

• In 1940, during World War II, Germany began dropping incendiary bombs on London.

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